idiopathic-“relating to or denoting any disease or condition that arises spontaneously or for which the cause is unknown”
idiopathic scoliosis-According to the National Institute of Health, most cases of adolescent scoliosis are idiopathic in origin – 80-85% – and there can be a genetic relationship, though not always the case.
When scoliosis is not attributed to a functional problem it is considered idiopathic. If scoliosis is discovered in adolescence it is referred to as adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. If is detected in adulthood, simply idiopathic scoliosis.
There is no concrete evidence that the development of scoliosis correlates to a nutritional deficiency, poor posture or carrying a heavy backpack. What is known, is there is sometimes a genetic link to scoliosis and when detected in adolescence scoliosis is present in male and female adolescents with mild curves at a similar rate, but females are more likely to experience progression of the spinal curves associated with idiopathic scoliosis at a rate of 7- 8 times greater than males.