What to wear with scoliosis? Check out our guide about what to wear with scoliosis in order to help hide a scoliosis brace or the curves of scoliosis! Also, on Pinterest: Dressing for scoliosis and brace. Shirts to wear under the scoliosis brace: It is best to wear a tight-fitting, seamless shirt or tank underneath the brace. This… Read More

Scoliosis Information for Kids We get it – having scoliosis stinks. Getting diagnosed can be confusing and scary, but we are here to help. Our scoliosis information for kids below offers tips for dealing with scoliosis. Things You Should Know About Having Scoliosis Having scoliosis isn’t as scary as it seems but that doesn’t mean… Read More

Risser 5 is the last Risser sign. It indicates skeletal maturity. An x-ray will show complete ossification and fusion of the iliac crest apophysis. For our final feature on Risser sign, we’ll share the story of a local fifteen-year-old girl with a severe scoliosis who first came to see us as a Risser 5, more… Read More

Risser 4 indicates ossification of the iliac crest apophysis at 75% or more. “Capping” from lateral to medial (outside to inside) is nearly complete and skeletal maturity is approaching. From our perspective, there is more to say about Risser 4 than the other Risser stages. This is due to our use of different management techniques,… Read More

When a pelvic x-ray shows about 50-75% ossification of the iliac crest apophysis (from the outside to inside), this indicates Risser 3. As with Risser 2, this growth stage indicates continued but slowing growth, especially for girls. For boys, growth tends to be slow and steady throughout puberty – although this isn’t always the case. … Read More

When a child has reached the Risser 2 stage, ossification of the iliac crest apophysis (top of the pelvis) is between 25% and 50% complete. This ossification occurs from lateral to medial (outside to inside, as shown below). Risser 2 means that the child is still growing, but by this point the rate of growth… Read More

Continuing with our Risser theme, today we’ll highlight Risser 1. At the Risser 1 stage of growth, a pelvic x-ray will show up to 25% ossification, or “capping” at the top of the iliac crest apophysis from lateral to medial (outside to inside). Girls typically reach Risser 1 just after menses occurs, however, that’s not a… Read More

Risser sign is one indicator that should be considered during the management of scoliosis. Risser 0 is the first Risser stage when ossification of the epiphyseal plate over the iliac crest has not yet begun. In simpler terms, new bone has not yet started forming at the top of the pelvis – indicating significant remaining growth…. Read More

In 1958, Joseph C. Risser, published his findings on growth and the completion of growth in a paper entitled, “The Iliac Apophysis: An Invaluable Sign in the Management of Scoliosis.” His findings led to the Risser sign classification system used to assess skeletal maturity. While Risser sign is still used today by doctors to estimate… Read More

What Scoliosis 3DC Patients Are Saying

Returning with HOPE

“We are returning to Texas with the best brace available and techniques to strengthen her back and lungs, but most of all we are returning with HOPE. I highly recommend Scoliosis3DC.” Read More

Cosmetic & Breathing Improvements

“He made the sessions enjoyable and I always looked forward to the next session. His ongoing support and determination made me enjoy my treatments and believe that I could really make a difference in my condition.” Read More

A Better Quality of Life

“In the three years I have been a scoliosis patient of Dr. Moramarco, he has been the most caring and skilled chiropractor that has treated me for my condition. I have a better quality of life because of his dedication to his patients.” Read More